As of today, patients in Connecticut with certain debilitating conditions can apply for a license to legally possess and use medical marijuana. The law limits this to a list of specific conditions, including cancer; glaucoma; positive status for human immunodeficiency virus or acquired immune deficiency syndrome; Parkinson's disease; multiple sclerosis; and damage to the nervous tissue of the spinal cord with objective neurological indication of intractable spasticity. Other conditions covered include epilepsy, cachexia (also called wasting syndrome), Crohn's disease and PTSD. The Connecticut Department of Consumer Protection website carries instructions on how to apply. A doctor's recommendation is key—and interestingly the doctor must determine that “in the physician’s medical opinion, the potential benefits of the palliative use of marijuana would likely outweigh the health risks to the patient.” The relative health risks of far more easily obtainable meds are debatable, to say the least: there has never been a death caused directly by marijuana toxicity, while over-the-counter acetaminophen, for example, claims 500 lives per year and hospitalizes thousands.
After you get the go-ahead from the doc, you have little more to do than provide proof of Connecticut residency, ID, and a passport photograph to get started. Although there’s still no way to legally buy marijuana or marijuana seeds in Connecticut—an issue that the state hopes to resolve by 2013. According to Erik Williams, executive director of the National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws (NORML) in Connecticut, "There's a large amount of people who are thrilled to use medical marijuana instead of hardcore prescriptions that leave them acting like zombies. My hope is that this would be done in such a way that it is the absolute model for the nation." Connecticut is the 17th state to permit MMJ to some degree. In the race to become No. 18, the Arkansas Supreme Court—despite the best efforts of a conservative bloc calling itself the “Coalition to Preserve Arkansas Values”—has upheld a proposed ballot measure on medical pot that could make the Natural State the first in the South to join in. While the state-by-state push to change our marijuana laws gathers momentum—and gains popularity with voters—neither presidential candidate seems interested in capitalizing.
Carrie Fisher makes no secret of former drug problems that led her to a near-fatal overdose—but a sharp-eyed fan's screen grab has brought the Star Wars actress's druggy past back into the spotlight. The screen grab shows Fisher as Princess Leia, resting her hand on Han Solo's shoulder and sporting a very noticeable "coke nail." (That's a fingernail grown longer than the others to allow fiends to scoop drugs quickly, instead of all that tiresome racking up of lines.) Fisher previously admitted to indulging frequently during filming: "We did cocaine on the set of Empire [the second film of the original trilogy], in the ice planet. I didn't even like coke that much, it was just a case of getting on whatever train I needed to take to get high," she says. "Slowly, I realized I was doing a bit more drugs than other people and losing my choice in the matter." She has also spoken about her battle with manic depression and her use of electroconvulsive therapy treatments (ECT), which she credits with managing her condition. These days, she plays the voice of Angela on Family Guy and has appeared on shows such as Weeds, 30 Rock and Entourage. Most recently, she was the butt of a punchline during the Comedy Central Roast of Roseanne Barr: "You've cut more lines than a crippled kid at Disneyland," comedian Amy Schumer told Fisher.
New figures provide stark evidence of how the decision to smoke doesn't affect the smoker alone. Secondhand smoke kills 42,000 non-smokers in the US each year, including 900 babies, according to researchers at the University of California San Francisco. That's 600,000 years of total life lost—an average of 14.2 years knocked off the life of each non-smoker who died early as a result of someone else's habit. Smoking also hurts economically (besides impoverishing poorer individuals who spend up to 25% of their income on smokes): all these premature deaths from secondhand smoke add up to $6.6 billion in lost productivity. And as if all this news weren't bad enough, the researchers say it's even worse than it seems: their figures are likely an underestimate, due to inherent problems in using statistical estimates of populations. In any case, the numbers are far too high, despite the efforts of health authorities. "It is true that smoking is banned in many public places and workplaces," says Wendy Max, a professor of health economics at UCSF. "However... people are still being exposed more than we realized. Much of this may be at home, but not all. Studies show that even small amounts of secondhand smoke exposure may have a negative impact on health, particularly for people who are vulnerable for various reasons." Will this convince the one in four smokers who told Gallup that secondhand smoke is “not too harmful or not harmful at all”?
Perpetually troubled actress Lindsay Lohan has found herself mixed up in the law again, but in a wholly new and surprising way: this time she apparently got choked by a congressional aide rather than booked by cops. The Mean Girls star was partying it up with Christian LaBella, an Illinois Republican, before the two headed back to her room at the W Hotel Union Square with some friends. Lohan became upset after discovering LaBella had sent pics of her partying to his friends, and started trying to delete them. LaBella then demanded she return his phone and, when Lohan refused, allegedly began throwing her around the $500-a-night room. First, Lohan claims, he threw her on the bed and scratched her. She then hid in the bathroom for a while, she says, before the tussle moved from the 15th floor suite into the hotel hallways—where LaBella allegedly threw her to the ground and choked her before someone pulled him off. Lohan then pulled the fire alarm for help and ran away. Police arrived and the GOP's man was arrested, but ultimately released without charge.
Everyone has plenty to say about the incident. “We think it's both distressing and outrageous,” says Lohan's publicist. “Lindsay was assaulted and there needs to be a consequence for that.” Meanwhile, LaBella's uncle thinks Lohan is just exerting her celebrity to frame his nephew: “He’s a decent kid who met her at a nightclub and she invited him back to her hotel room with other people,” he says. “And now she’s using her celebrity to launch a full-scale witch hunt against him just to be relevant again.” Lohan's dad, Michael, is more succinct: “Wait till I get this guy.”
Proposition 36, seeking to overhaul California's draconian "three strikes and you're out" law—which requires third-time offenders to serve mandatory prison sentences of 25 years to life—will appear on a state ballot next month. And most of the people who would be directly affected are addicts. Californians now overwhelmingly believe—by a margin of more than three to one—that the system should change, a new poll reveals. A recent comprehensive review of inmate reports by California Watch and the San Francisco Chronicle shows that a large majority of third-strike convicts are addicts: 70% of them show a high need for substance treatment. It found that the state imposes especially lengthy sentences on felons with substance abuse problems, who haven't necessarily committed violent offenses and pose no greater public safety threat than non-three-strikes inmates.
Many corrections system officials believe that rehabilitation services like substance abuse treatment and cognitive behavioral therapy should be the MO, rather than longer prison sentences. “Consider second- and third-strikers… we’re not providing nearly enough rehabilitation… so how are they going to get better?” says California corrections secretary Matt Cate. The study also offers compelling evidence that early substance abuse treatment can prevent some repeat offenders from becoming third-strikers. "If they came in once or twice and you treated their substance abuse, the likelihood of them being a third-striker goes down substantially," says Daryl Kroner, a criminology professor at Southern Illinois University Carbondale and former prison psychologist. The three-strike law was enacted in 1994 and has since locked up 8,800 people for 25 years to life. Under the proposed changes, life terms for drug offenders and other nonviolent criminals would end—they'd instead be treated as if they had only one previous strike, which calls for double the standard prison term for their most recent crime. Inmates already serving 25 to life for drug and other nonviolent crimes could also get sentence reductions, if a judge deems them not to be a safety threat.
The Vancouver Art Gallery was chock-full of hundreds of recovering addicts and their families and allies on Sunday afternoon, rallying to show support for addicts who have not yet received treatment and to push the government for more substance abuse programs. As part of Canada's first ever Recovery Day, recovering addicts shared their personal stories with the crowd, many of whom donned sweaters that said “sober” and some carrying posters reading “recovery saved my life.” “The message is: recovery works,” said rally organizer David Berner. “If you or someone in your family is in a disaster of addiction and alcoholism, get yourself to a program because millions of people are cleaning up.” The rates of teen drug use in British Columbia are alarming, much like in the US, with statistics suggesting that young people who struggle with substance abuse are first experimenting with drugs and alcohol as early as 11 years old. “Youth addicted to drugs... are disproportionately likely to commit crimes. From my personal research and my time in policing of 31 years, this is quite evident and it continues to be a significant problem that we are not addressing,” said former Solicitor General Kash Heed who is a strong proponent of implementing recovery programs for youth. “The monetary value of saving one high-risk youth from a lifetime of crime puts the number [up to] $2.6 million to $4.4 million." Statistics show young people who remain in treatment for longer than four months have an 80% chance of staying off drugs in the future.