Inpatient Drug Rehab: Get Total Treatment for Severe Withdrawal Symptoms

By The Fix staff 01/21/15

Inpatient Drug Rehab: Get Total Treatment for Severe Withdrawal Symptoms

Inpatient Drug Rehab

Chemical dependency, or substance abuse disorder, is a mental health condition listed in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM V). The DSM V identifies the criteria necessary for a substance abuse disorder diagnosis, which may vary from mild to moderate to severe depending on your unique case of drug abuse. Once an accurate diagnosis has been made, a licensed medical practitioner will determine the best treatment plan for you. If your have a severe drug abuse problem or feel you will be unable to obtain sobriety on an outpatient basis alone, you may need inpatient drug rehab.

Substance abuse disorders include a wide range of drugs from cannabinoids to prescription drugs, but each class of drugs poses a different risk for the development of addiction and severe withdrawal symptoms during detox. While nearly all the effects of detox for most drugs can be treated with medications and psychotherapy, the addiction to opioids, tobacco, some prescription medications, and alcohol can be treated with FDA-approved medications.


Who Needs Drug Rehab?

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, approximately 9.2% of people age 12 and older have abused an illicit substance within the last month. The Mayo Clinic defines drug addiction as a dependence on a substance, which may be legal or illegal in nature, in order to function properly. However, the side effects of each type of drug adversely affect what most consider to be "functioning properly." When the drug addiction surpasses the point where a person is able to control his or her need for the substance, he or she needs drug rehab. Drug rehab is available in both inpatient and outpatient care settings, but inpatient drug rehab provides several benefits not found in outpatient drug rehab. Also, some types of drugs can have serious side effects during the detox and withdrawal process. In order to understand how the drugs can cause these changes, consider the effects of each class of drug.

Although the scope of substance abuse disorder affects the lives of millions of people around the world, the decision to enter an inpatient drug rehab program often remains the decision of the person with the disorder. However, the criminal justice system may require persons convicted of drug-related crimes to go through an inpatient drug rehab process.

Advantages of Inpatient Drug Rehab

Monitored Detox

The withdrawal symptoms of detox vary, and some of the physical effects of withdrawal can be extraordinarily difficult to manage on your own. Inpatient drug rehab allows medical staff to closely observe your vital signs, behaviors, and mood and address each issue you present.

Treatment of Other Health Conditions

In addition to treating substance abuse disorder, inpatient rehab will allow you to receive treatment for any other health conditions you may have, including mental health disorders. The National Alliance on Mental Illness found that more than half of those who have a mental health disorder will abuse drugs at some point, which alludes to the presumption that many cases of substance abuse disorder represent an attempt at self-medication.

When a person suffers from one of more mental health disorders, the condition is referred to as comorbidity. In these cases, the effects of drug withdrawal on top of often untreated mental health conditions can cause a rapid descent into a severe state of depression, anxiety, or even psychosis. During psychosis, a person experiences hallucinations, delusions, or maybe a constant catatonic state, making this person incapable of caring for himself or herself. As a result, patients who have comorbidity should seek out inpatient drug rehab rather than attempting outpatient drug rehab.

Protective Environment

Some people may experience self-destructive symptoms, such as suicidal thoughts or acts of self-injurious behavior, during and immediately following detox and withdrawal from drugs. In an inpatient rehab, you will be closely monitored to ensure that you do not become a danger to yourself. Furthermore, outside influences will be limited. You will be asked to return to your bed at a certain time to help your body restore its natural clock and sleep patterns. You will be given nutritious, well-balanced meals to address any nutritional deficiencies that occurred as a result of your withdrawal or drug abuse.

Visitation rules at inpatient drug rehabs vary depending upon the facility. However, most facilities prohibit outside visitors from bringing in food, drinks, or other materials. Not only will this allow the professionals to carefully monitor your progress, but also it will ensure that you do not receive any drugs from the outside world. In most cases, inpatient rehab units are locked-down facilities that require advanced notice — usually about four hours — in order to be released, and a physician must sign off on the release as well. However, if your current stage of treatment represents a threat to yourself or others, you may be required to stay in the inpatient unit until authorized by your treatment team.

Psychotherapy During Inpatient Rehab

Behavioral therapy can be broken down into several subcategories of therapy. However, cognitive behavioral therapy remains a favorite in the treatment of mental health disorders, especially addiction. During inpatient rehab, you will receive cognitive behavioral therapy, but you need to understand how this form of psychotherapy can change your life.

During the course of cognitive behavioral therapy, you will develop coping skills necessary to overcome the thought processes that typically lead to relapse in your substance abuse disorder. Cognitive behavioral therapy may be administered by a social worker, licensed counselor, psychiatrist, or a psychologist.

Your therapist may also recommend other types of behavioral therapy to help you overcome addiction. According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse, the following behavioral therapy techniques are effective means of substance abuse disorder treatment.

Multidimensional Family Therapy

This type of therapy was created to address substance abuse disorder in adolescents. This therapy addresses the concerns over addiction and how it affects other members of the family, which gives the person with the substance abuse disorder insight into how his or her choices influence the family.

Motivational Interviewing

This therapy focuses on providing someone suffering from substance abuse disorder a reason to overcome his or her addiction. This may include redirecting focus to the problems in life that would occur as a result of relapse.

Motivational Incentives

This type of therapy is a specialized form of cognitive behavioral therapy that rewards behaviors that help prevent a person from abusing drugs. In so doing, it could also be used to provide negative consequences for behaviors that would lead to a relapse.

Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) 

As more people become concerned about the capacity and capability of modern medicine to effectively treat medical conditions as well as substance abuse disorders, CAM therapies have risen in popularity. Depending upon the specific type of inpatient drug rehab, you may be able to access this innovative treatment approach toward substance abuse.

According to the National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine, complementary medicine incorporates a nontraditional approach to treatment into conventional substance abuse treatment. On the other hand, alternative medicine uses nontraditional approaches to treatment exclusively. Furthermore, evidence shows that up to 40% of Americans use CAM therapy in place of strict, traditional approaches to treatment for both medical and mental healthcare. In a broad sense, CAM therapy can be broken down into two groups: natural products and mind and body practices.

Natural Body Products

Natural body products utilize a holistic approach to treatment through the use of different naturally occurring products, such as vitamins, to improve treatment outcome. Furthermore, this group includes herbs, minerals, and probiotics.

Mind and Body Practices

This category of CAM therapy includes the practices that do not require the ingestion of application of different substances to the body. Acupuncture, massage therapy, meditation, movement therapies, relaxation techniques, spinal manipulation, and yoga are among the most commonly used mind and body practices for substance abuse treatment. In addition, some facilities may offer equine (horse) riding therapy within this CAM therapy grouping.

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