Most schools have rules about cell phone use, but that hardly stops students from going to the bathroom to send texts, or checking Facebook under their desks. Teachers often try to combat this by taking away phones during class time. But Dr. Larry Rosen, a psychology professor at California State University, Dominguez Hills, has a different and startling suggestion: give in. Rosen—the author of iDisorder: Understanding Our Obsession with Technology and Overcoming Its Hold on Us—thinks teachers should let kids use their phones for one minute, every 15 minutes—like a nicotine patch for people trying to quit smoking cigarettes. He claims that banning phones in class will just make kids focus on all the texts and posts they could be missing, but that letting them check periodically will help keep them calm. “They’re building up a bunch of chemicals in the brain that cause anxiety, and the act of looking at their phone is totally designed to reduce that anxiety,’” he tells The Fix. “It’s a stimulus to your brain saying, ‘Don’t worry. Don’t get anxious. You’ll get to check in shortly.’” He worked with a French teacher to test out the program, and found it to be a great success. “[The teacher] said the students were magically way more productive and they felt like they were being respected,” he says.
Not everyone buys Rosen’s theory, of course. Shawn Cerra, a principal in Coral Springs, Florida, is completely against the idea of cell phone breaks for his students. “If they see something that’s upsetting or disturbing or something of interest, it would be hard pressed for them to put the phone down and listen to World War II,” he argues. And many online commenters agree that educators shouldn't cave to students’ obsessions. “School needs to be serious and focused," writes one. "There's time for entertainment and socializing during lunch and recess breaks, after school, and on weekends...after homework and chores are finished!”
But Rosen accepts that learning to focus is essential: “You know that’s absolutely true, we are catering to our students' obsessions,” he admits when we ask him. “However, what I would say is that the goal here is learning. Do you want to have a group of distracted students or do you want to try to optimize the learning environment?” Studies have shown that students generally only focus for about five to ten minutes at a time before taking a mental break anyway; so Rosen says allowing them all to break at the same time would mean they can pay more attention later. “We have created this bitchin’ technology that’s so exciting and so interesting that we’re compelled to use it,” he says. “Now we’ve got to make sure these kids are given the best learning environment, not what we as old adults think is the best learning environment.”
- Mexican Supreme Court Official Arrested for Links to Drug Cartel [Fox News Latino]
- Jamaican Sprinters Should Expect More Drugs Tests [Reuters]
- Boston’s Homeless Court helps Addicts Get a Fresh Start [Boston Globe]
- Price, Purity and Availability Fuel Drug Use in NM [SFGate]
- Man Shot in Times Square Had Marijuana Arrest History [The Times and Democrat]
- Russell Brand: Methadone is a Bad Way to Treat Heroin Addicts [Daily Mail]
- Hope Solo Stays Sober After Winning Olympic Gold Medal [US Magazine]
With death toll of the bloody Mexican drug war rising as high as 71,000, dozens of Mexican and American organizations will embark on a month-long “Caravan for Peace” on Sunday, August 12. Its aim is to spread awareness and open dialog about non-violent solutions with citizens and leaders in both countries. Ideally, the caravan—which is purposely timed between the two nations' presidential elections—will revise their relationship, promoting a view of Mexico as a neighbor, not a threat.
“We are dedicated to giving voice to the families of victims of this violence and to publicizing the real costs of this war,” says Javier Sicilia, a poet who was named one of Time’s 2012 “Person of the Year” activists; cartel members murdered his son in 2010. He's joining the Movement for Peace with Justice and Dignity (MPJD) to lead the caravan. “We have made it clear that the Mexican state must stop denying its responsibilities, which it does by criminalizing the victims of violence,” he says. “Instead, it must accept that there are victims, and that it is the Mexican government’s responsibility to provide justice and reparations to them. With this in mind, we have asked for a change from the current security strategy to one focused on human security.” That said, the goal is also to influence American drug-war strategy; Sicilia says he hopes to promote discussion about US policies in areas such as gun trafficking, alternatives to drug prohibition, combating money laundering and bilateral cooperation over human rights and security.
The trek will cover 6,000 miles and stop in 20 US cities, starting in San Diego on Sunday and arriving in Washington, DC, on September 10. Each stop along the way will feature rallies and debate. Other organizations involved in the initiative include the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), Law Enforcement Against Prohibition (LEAP) and the Drug Policy Alliance (DPA). A similar caravan crossed Mexico last year, and is credited with pushing the drug war up the country’s political agenda. Anyone interested can join the caravan as a volunteer, track the route online, or register to ride on one of the caravan buses or to follow along in your own car.
Whatever your gender, sustained, heavy drinking can cause you to lose your marbles—and abstinence can provide a way to get them back, as science (and experience) have proved. But a new study suggests women's brains actually recover much more quickly from long-term alcohol abuse than men's. Previous research has linked heavy alcohol consumption to loss of "white matter"—the thing that allows communication between different parts of your brain. A recent study by researchers from Boston University School of Medicine used MRI technology to examine the brains of 42 alcoholic men and women who were abstinent from alcohol after five or more years of heavy drinking. They found that with abstinence from alcohol, women recover their white matter brain volume more quickly than men—within the first year. Men showed little brain recovery in the first year, but they began to recover their white brain matter after that—whereas for women, recovery tapered off at this point. "These findings preliminarily suggest that restoration and recovery of the brain's white matter among alcoholics occurs later in abstinence for men than for women," says study lead Dr. Susan Mosher Ruiz. "We hope that additional research in this area can help lead to improved treatment methods that include educating both alcoholic men and women about the harmful effects of excessive drinking and the potential for recovery with sustained abstinence."
Mexico's drug traffickers are adopting grittier nicknames in a reflection of the bloody, inhumane nature of the war they're fighting. Until recently, many high-ranking drug traffickers possessed such regal-sounding monikers as "The King" (Jesus Zambada Garcia), "The Lord of the Skies" (Amado Carrillo Fuentes) and "The Boss of Bosses" (Arturo Beltran Leyva). But these days gang leaders are go by such nicknames as "The Rat," "The Dog Killer," "The Worm Eater" and "Garbage," among others—in a symbolic shift that reflects the ruthless, animalistic style of violence prevalent today. Experts say the killings and arrests of top cartel capos have left lowlier figures in charge of drug-running, kidnapping and extortion business—which has led to a less skilled approach with more gruesome killings. "[The nicknames show] a trace of cynicism, of mockery," says Pedro de la Cruz, a professor at the National Autonomous University of Mexico, who specializes in security issues. "These nicknames reflect the fact that even they do not take themselves seriously as cartel leaders of the past did." Nicknames aside, the violence in Mexico remains every bit as severe. Just yesterday, another 14 bodies were found in an abandoned van.
- Teen Mom Farrah Abraham: Abusing Adderall and Xanax? [RadarOnline]
Teen Mom is known for featuring more than its fair share of alcoholics and addicts—among them troubled stars Amber Portwood and Janelle Evans—but another alumna, Farrah Abraham, who claimed to have already come through the woods with her partying days is under fire, with a friend claiming that she’s abusing Adderall and Xanax as well as alcohol. "Farrah said she does Adderall before every event that she attends," the friend reported. Abraham denies the claims—although to be fair, she'd hardly be the only starlet attending high-profile events on Adderall.
- Jessica Simpson Turns Post-Pregnancy Teetotaler [Us Weekly]
Jessica Simpson may be better known now for her fluctuating weight and seemingly endless pregnancy than for her musical career, but the new mom—who gave birth to her first daughter, Maxwell Drew Johnson, three months ago—is sticking to water on Saturday nights. “Responsibility has changed my life!” she tweeted. Then again, this may also have something to do with the lucrative endorsement deal she signed with Weight Watchers to lose her baby weight by the end of August.
Jay Penske—the CEO of PMC (the parent company of Deadline Hollywood and MovieLine), and the son of well-known sports billionaire Roger Penske—was arrested alongside his brother outside a Nantucket yacht club at the end of a wild night of partying, which was punctuated by Jay Penske urinating on a woman in a parking lot. Somebody should have warned him that the “What happens in Vegas...” mentality doesn’t work quite as well in tony Nantucket.
- Kristen Bell Talks Fiancé Dax Shepard’s Five-Day Benders [Perez Hilton]
Actress Kristen Bell and her fiancé, actor and comic Dax Shepard, have drastically different philosophies when it comes to drug use: In a new interview with Esquire (via Perez Hilton), Bell claimed that although she’s never even seen cocaine at a party, let alone used it, Shepard is a former drug addict who was once prone to “five- day benders where no one could find him.” Well, opposites attract!
Rocker Rick Springfield—best known for his super-hit “Jessie’s Girl”—managed to avoid serving jail time in the case stemming from his May 2011 DUI arrest, in which he threatened to kill the arresting officer after being pulled over. In exchange for Springfield’s no contest plea, he only has to attend a two-month traffic program, with three years of probation.