Astonishingly, getting drunk might sway you to the right of the political spectrum, suggests a new study published in the Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin. In testing whether low-effort thought promotes political conservatism, researchers found that as the more blood alcohol levels increased in sampled bar patrons, the more their views on controlling sex, education, and political identification veered towards the right. The researchers (whose politics can only be guessed at) hypothesize that this happens because political conservatism is a result of an absence of deliberate, rigorous thought—an absence that the inebriated may find all too familiar. The study tested other low-effort thought groups for political conservatism too; it seems that right-wing tendencies also reveal themselves when people are examined while under a cognitive load, or time pressure, or when made to reply hastily rather than given time to think things through. Liberal drinking buddies everywhere might want to consider having a designated voter.
Crack may be wack, but food can get you just as hooked. Professionals give many explanations of why people experience unhealthy food cravings—such as our prehistoric ancestors' need for high-fat foods for survival. Whatever the reasons, constantly giving into food cravings can be hazardous. The Times of India offers some handy suggestions on how you can control cravings and guard against food addiction:
- Salt cravings are linked to low sodium. So if you lack sodium, you may crave salty foods like French fries or potato chips. But lots of high salt foods can lead to high blood pressure. Instead, choose milk or cheese and toast to satisfy these cravings.
- Sweet cravings may happen when you're low on energy. When glucose levels drop, your body may crave sweets to replenish blood sugar reserves. But lots of high sugar foods can lead to diabetes. Fruits and complex carbs can be a better way to better replenish dropping blood sugar levels.
- Chocolate cravings may happen with you're feeling down, because chocolate releases serotonin in your brain—which increases happiness and pleasure. A cube of dark chocolate will quell chocolate cravings, providing the health benefits that come from chocolate without overdoing it.
- Spicy foods are not inherently unhealthy—but spices are often added to high fat, processed foods that are. Spicy and fattening food combinations can be highly acidic, which is unhealthy and can cause excessive sweating. Avoid spicy foods if your body can't handle them.
- Carb cravings are linked to evolution—prehistoric humans ate lots of carbs to fuel their high activity levels. We crave them still—but tend not to maintain the activity level to be able to eat large amounts without fat storage and weight gain. Plan and regulate carb consumption: eat carbs before workouts and during busy times, and favor healthy carbs over processed carbs.
If you're smuggling cocaine across the Canadian border, you might be ill-advised to book a room at a hotel called Smuggler's Inn, but that's exactly what 20-year-old Jasmin Klair did, according to Homeland Security. Even worse, she was picked up at a nearby Pizza Hut by the inn's owner, in a car with vanity license plates reading "SMUGGLER." Investigators followed the SUV back to the inn where they questioned Klair and found a box with nine bricks of cocaine weighing 24 pounds. Klair admitted to police that she was paid $4,000 by Gurjit Singh Sandhu to move the drugs from Bellingham, Washington to Vancouver, British Columbia. Following her own arrest, Sandhu still tried to convince Klair to run the drugs across the border—which was a mere 30 feet from her room. When she refused, Sandhu and Narminder Kaler drove over to pick up the box in person where, after a brief foot chase, they were arrested. All three remain jailed pending trial, which is scheduled to begin this summer.
Florida Gov. Rick Scott (R) has been determined to drug test his state's residents by any means necessary. After endorsing legislation that calls for drug testing of welfare recipients—a controversial act with critics including the Daily Show—he signed a bill into law this week allowing random drug testing for public workers, making Florida the first ever state to endorse such a bill. Agency heads will now be allowed (but not required) to randomly test up to 10% of their workforce every three months for prescription drugs, illegal drugs and alcohol. Supporters of the Republican-backed measure say the bill will give workers with drug problems a chance to get clean as well as the general public from impaired public servants—though elected officials like Gov. Scott will be exempt from the testing. "Despite our constitutional legal traditions, there's always a lot to be reaped from the argument that if you haven't done anything wrong, you don't have anything to worry about," says Colin Gordon, a labor historian at the University of Iowa in Iowa City. "But it's always surprising to me how little weight the civil liberties argument has." However, there are legal hurdles that the law still has to clear, such as whether individuals can be tested in the absence of any evidence or suspicion of drug use. Although state workers in Florida are not known to have greater substance abuse problems than workers in other states, the federal Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration reports that 19 million Americans—about 15% of the total workforce—have drug or alcohol problems
An Indonesian boy has been admitted to rehab for smoking more than a pack of cigarettes a day. The eight-year-old has been smoking cigarettes habitually for four years, and plans to spend at least a month in the treatment facility. The boy’s addiction had reached “alert level” as he was said to be smoking around 25 cigarettes a day and needed emergency help. “You can see a dramatic change of behavior when he doesn't have a cigarette for a while. He becomes emotionally aggressive and uncontrollable. He acts like he's possessed by evil spirits," says Indonesia's Child Protection Commission chairman Arist Merdeka Sirait. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), Indonesia has the world’s highest percentage of child smokers, with 25% of children trying cigarettes between three and 15 years old. Agan Umar, the boy’s father, hopes his son can curb his addiction and experience a normal childhood. "I hope the therapy works so my son can go back to school and live a normal life like the other kids," he says. "We'll give him a medical check-up to examine the impact his smoking has had on his health, and he'll be given psycho-social therapy to divert his attention from smoking to playing.” Other than increasing excise taxes, the Indonesian government has taken minimal steps to regulate tobacco use. However, cigarette prices remain relatively low, at just over a dollar for a 20 pack.
Alcohol-induced injuries among college students can cost a university more than half a million a year, according to a new study. The University of Wisconsin-Madison conducted a study involving 954 college students who were considered “heavy drinkers.” In the 28 days prior to the study, male participants drank an average of 81.8 drinks, while female participants drank 58.7 drinks. The two-year study, published April issue of Health Affairs, found that 30% of males and 27% of females reported visiting an emergency department at least once with injuries ranging from broken bones to head injuries. The students who experienced alcohol-induced blackouts were 70% more likely to be treated at an emergency room than those who drank the same amount but did not blackout. The ER visits by those students cost from $469,000-$546,000 per university, and the priced varied depending on the location. "College alcohol abusers susceptible to blackouts put a heavy burden on the medical care system," say study authors Marlon Mundt and Larissa Zakletskaia. "Given limited campus resources, the study results support targeting efforts at preventing alcohol-related injury [among] students with a history of blackouts," they add. "In our cost estimate, close to a half-million dollars could be saved in emergency-department utilization costs on a large university campus each year if interventions targeting blackout sufferers were successful."