Consuming even moderate amounts of alcohol may increase the risk for arrhythmia for those with diabetes or heart disease, according to a new study. The study—published in the Canadian Medical Association Journal—pulled from data of over 30,000 adults in 40 countries (median age 66) from two large research trials studying congestive heart failure and controlling high blood pressure, and followed these subjects for four and a half years. When the researchers compared the data of moderate and heavy drinkers to those who lightly drink, they found higher rates of atrial fibrillation among those who drink more. Atrial fibrillation is the most common form of arrhythmia, and those who suffer from it are at a higher risk of experiencing a stroke. Dr. David Juurlink, an internal medicine specialist in Toronto's Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, cautions that this study is limiting in that it only identified associations and does not prove that drinking is the cause of higher rates of atrial fibrillation. However, he agrees moderating booze is safer for those with heart problems. “It's hard to make sweeping pronouncements from a single study, but there is a compelling commonsense argument for moderation, and this study supports that,” he says. “If someone who drinks heavily needs one more reason to cut back, this is it. But as we all know there are plenty of other reasons to moderate one's alcohol intake.”
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As of today, patients in Connecticut with certain debilitating conditions can apply for a license to legally possess and use medical marijuana. The law limits this to a list of specific conditions, including cancer; glaucoma; positive status for human immunodeficiency virus or acquired immune deficiency syndrome; Parkinson's disease; multiple sclerosis; and damage to the nervous tissue of the spinal cord with objective neurological indication of intractable spasticity. Other conditions covered include epilepsy, cachexia (also called wasting syndrome), Crohn's disease and PTSD. The Connecticut Department of Consumer Protection website carries instructions on how to apply. A doctor's recommendation is key—and interestingly the doctor must determine that “in the physician’s medical opinion, the potential benefits of the palliative use of marijuana would likely outweigh the health risks to the patient.” The relative health risks of far more easily obtainable meds are debatable, to say the least: there has never been a death caused directly by marijuana toxicity, while over-the-counter acetaminophen, for example, claims 500 lives per year and hospitalizes thousands.
After you get the go-ahead from the doc, you have little more to do than provide proof of Connecticut residency, ID, and a passport photograph to get started. Although there’s still no way to legally buy marijuana or marijuana seeds in Connecticut—an issue that the state hopes to resolve by 2013. According to Erik Williams, executive director of the National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws (NORML) in Connecticut, "There's a large amount of people who are thrilled to use medical marijuana instead of hardcore prescriptions that leave them acting like zombies. My hope is that this would be done in such a way that it is the absolute model for the nation." Connecticut is the 17th state to permit MMJ to some degree. In the race to become No. 18, the Arkansas Supreme Court—despite the best efforts of a conservative bloc calling itself the “Coalition to Preserve Arkansas Values”—has upheld a proposed ballot measure on medical pot that could make the Natural State the first in the South to join in. While the state-by-state push to change our marijuana laws gathers momentum—and gains popularity with voters—neither presidential candidate seems interested in capitalizing.
Carrie Fisher makes no secret of former drug problems that led her to a near-fatal overdose—but a sharp-eyed fan's screen grab has brought the Star Wars actress's druggy past back into the spotlight. The screen grab shows Fisher as Princess Leia, resting her hand on Han Solo's shoulder and sporting a very noticeable "coke nail." (That's a fingernail grown longer than the others to allow fiends to scoop drugs quickly, instead of all that tiresome racking up of lines.) Fisher previously admitted to indulging frequently during filming: "We did cocaine on the set of Empire [the second film of the original trilogy], in the ice planet. I didn't even like coke that much, it was just a case of getting on whatever train I needed to take to get high," she says. "Slowly, I realized I was doing a bit more drugs than other people and losing my choice in the matter." She has also spoken about her battle with manic depression and her use of electroconvulsive therapy treatments (ECT), which she credits with managing her condition. These days, she plays the voice of Angela on Family Guy and has appeared on shows such as Weeds, 30 Rock and Entourage. Most recently, she was the butt of a punchline during the Comedy Central Roast of Roseanne Barr: "You've cut more lines than a crippled kid at Disneyland," comedian Amy Schumer told Fisher.
New figures provide stark evidence of how the decision to smoke doesn't affect the smoker alone. Secondhand smoke kills 42,000 non-smokers in the US each year, including 900 babies, according to researchers at the University of California San Francisco. That's 600,000 years of total life lost—an average of 14.2 years knocked off the life of each non-smoker who died early as a result of someone else's habit. Smoking also hurts economically (besides impoverishing poorer individuals who spend up to 25% of their income on smokes): all these premature deaths from secondhand smoke add up to $6.6 billion in lost productivity. And as if all this news weren't bad enough, the researchers say it's even worse than it seems: their figures are likely an underestimate, due to inherent problems in using statistical estimates of populations. In any case, the numbers are far too high, despite the efforts of health authorities. "It is true that smoking is banned in many public places and workplaces," says Wendy Max, a professor of health economics at UCSF. "However... people are still being exposed more than we realized. Much of this may be at home, but not all. Studies show that even small amounts of secondhand smoke exposure may have a negative impact on health, particularly for people who are vulnerable for various reasons." Will this convince the one in four smokers who told Gallup that secondhand smoke is “not too harmful or not harmful at all”?
Perpetually troubled actress Lindsay Lohan has found herself mixed up in the law again, but in a wholly new and surprising way: this time she apparently got choked by a congressional aide rather than booked by cops. The Mean Girls star was partying it up with Christian LaBella, an Illinois Republican, before the two headed back to her room at the W Hotel Union Square with some friends. Lohan became upset after discovering LaBella had sent pics of her partying to his friends, and started trying to delete them. LaBella then demanded she return his phone and, when Lohan refused, allegedly began throwing her around the $500-a-night room. First, Lohan claims, he threw her on the bed and scratched her. She then hid in the bathroom for a while, she says, before the tussle moved from the 15th floor suite into the hotel hallways—where LaBella allegedly threw her to the ground and choked her before someone pulled him off. Lohan then pulled the fire alarm for help and ran away. Police arrived and the GOP's man was arrested, but ultimately released without charge.
Everyone has plenty to say about the incident. “We think it's both distressing and outrageous,” says Lohan's publicist. “Lindsay was assaulted and there needs to be a consequence for that.” Meanwhile, LaBella's uncle thinks Lohan is just exerting her celebrity to frame his nephew: “He’s a decent kid who met her at a nightclub and she invited him back to her hotel room with other people,” he says. “And now she’s using her celebrity to launch a full-scale witch hunt against him just to be relevant again.” Lohan's dad, Michael, is more succinct: “Wait till I get this guy.”