- Dr. Sanjay Gupta 'Doubles Down' On Medical Marijuana [CNN]
- Oregon State Representative Chases Down Drunk Hit-And-Run Driver [The Oregonian]
- Czech Parliament Bans Sale Of Booze During Sessions [CTV News]
- State Of Washington Gives Out First Recreational Marijuana License [The Spokesman-Review]
- Minneapolis Man Charged For Rolling Over Onto Newborn While Drunk [Daily Mail]
- New Beer Marketed As Post-Workout Recovery Drink [NPR]
- Lawyer Representing Teen In Parent Lawsuit Accused Of Supplying Client With Booze [Gawker]
- Bird Starts Fire With Cigarette, Burns Down South London Building [BBC]
When guys get a little too forward at the bar, it's not because they're too drunk to know what they're doing - it's because they know the women they're talking to are drunk.
Researchers from the University of Toronto found that there is no relationship between how drunk a man is and his sexual aggressiveness. The main variable in how aggressive men are is the drunkenness of their target woman.
The researchers hired and trained 140 young men and women as observers, stationing them in bars around Toronto and having them take notes on every act of aggression they observed. Their notes revealed that 25 percent of all incidents involved sexual aggression, and 90 percent of targets of sexual aggression were women being targeted by men. Two-thirds of the physical aggressors touched women without their consent, while 17 percent threatened contact and nine percent verbally harassed their targets.
The study observed that the men were making sexual advances toward these women because these men believed the women were more likely to accept their advances, or be unable to refuse their advances based on how much they had to drink.
Another point noted by the observers was how the bar staff almost never intervened in acts of aggression. "There should be training for staff on how to intervene," said Kate Graham, the study's lead researcher. "If [a bar] wants to have female patrons, they ought to make it more female friendly."
Women wouldn't accept such advances at school or on the street, she noted, but the behavior appears to get a pass in bars. "There's no reason that women should be touched against their will," Graham said.
A recent Australian study has revealed that 55 percent of non-smoking pregnant women are passive smokers because a member of their household - usually their partner - refuses to drop the habit.
"Tobacco smoke has been found to have a detrimental effect on the fetus when pregnant women are under the effect of it," said researcher Juanjo Aurrekoetxea. "Passive tobacco increases the risk of miscarriage. Nevertheless, the problem mainly affects the child's development; they tend to be smaller at birth and have lower cognitive development. In addition, and although to a lesser extent, these infants have a greater sudden death rate, and a greater risk of suffering cancer and respiratory disease in childhood as well."
Around 10 percent of women smokers kick the habit once they become pregnant, but 22 percent of all pregnant women continue smoking or are incidental passive smokers.
Researchers kept tabs on the nicotine levels in the non-smoking pregnant women by measuring the cotinine levels in their urine and found that of the 55 percent of non-smoking pregnant women, 38.5 percent were exposed to smoke during leisure activities such as hanging out at bars or restaurants, and 24.7 percent were exposed via their smoker partner at home. While the population of women who are passive smokers because of their partner is smaller, the concentrations are much higher.
"The greatest exposure happens when the woman's partner smokes at home," said Aurrekoetxea. "The home is the main source of exposure to tobacco smoke. People everywhere are saying tobacco is bad and that passive exposure is also bad, but people still fail to take the necessary measures not to smoke, or not to force pregnant women to breathe tobacco smoke either."
Interestingly, during the course of the 2004 to 2008 study, smoking bans were put into place in 2006 and showed almost immediate benefits. "Specifically, the level of cotinine in the pregnant women analyzed in the study fell 16 percent," explains Aurrekoetxea. "Well, it's something, and shows that measures of this type are effective."
Florida State Representative Dane Eagle has filed HB1435, a bill that would require all federal and state public officials to submit to drug testing or resign from their posts.
Dubbed the “Drug-Free Public Officers Act,” the bill includes those holding school district offices, as well as Supreme Court justices and appellate, circuit and county judges, to undergo testing in order to preserve their jobs. Eagle, a Republican representing Cape Coral, Florida, also filed a companion bill, HB1437, which keeps the results of any officials' drug tests out of the public record for fear of “unwarranted damages to [their] reputation.”
The bill is the latest in a long and convoluted attempt by Florida lawmakers to make their constituents and state employees accountable through mandatory drug tests. In 2012, Governor Rick Scott attempted to require 85,000 state agency workers to undergo drug testing while exempting the very lawmakers who sponsored the bill from the same degree of tests. Scott previously drew national attention for passing a law in 2011 which forced parents to not only submit to drug tests, but also pay for them when they applied for welfare. Federal courts struck down the latter bill on multiple occasions as a violation of the Constitution’s ban on unreasonable searches by the government.
However, Scott remains steadfast in his determination to keep it alive through appeals, despite reports that showed that the number of welfare recipients who tested positive for drugs was lower than that of the general population.
The mother of an Ohio teenager is outraged that his friends killed him by injecting him with heroin and then posted photos of his lifeless body to Facebook, yet most of them will walk away scot-free.
Dylan Owens, 19, was just weeks away from enlisting in the Army, but died after his friends waited hours to call 911 following a fatal injection of heroin last October. But despite three people being present at the time, only one has been charged with a crime.
"Everybody in this town would tell you that Dylan would always have your back. That night in my home, nobody had Dylan's back,” said Dylan's mother, Tina Owens. His three supposed friends told police that they were either drunk or high at the time of his death, but only Maddison Rogers, 22, has been charged with involuntary manslaughter after administering the fatal heroin dose to Owens, as well as corrupting another with drugs. Rogers is currently being held on $250,000 bond.
The Clermont County prosecutor said he doesn’t expect the other two individuals, both 20, to be charged with a crime unless new evidence is presented. Friends and supporters remain shocked that the others will walk away without punishment despite their actions.
“There were three people there, there were three people involved and they should all pay for what they did to Dylan,” his mother said. “I don't know why they would do that, I don't know why they'd be so callous and cruel and heartless. Dylan would have my back and I want to have his and I just want justice."
Acid was used as a drug therapy for the first time since an informal ban on LSD research was introduced 40 years ago. Swiss scientists broke the ban by announcing the results of a study in which cancer patients, most of whom are terminally ill, were given the drug to help curb their anxiety about death. The findings have since been published in the Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease.
The goal of the study was to determine the safety and efficacy of LSD when used in conjunction with talk therapy. The patients were medically supervised during the acid trips that lasted for about 10 hours each. They each underwent roughly 30 similar trips over the course of two months. The findings showed that patients who received a full dose of LSD, or 200 micrograms, experienced a 20 percent improvement in their anxiety levels a year after the sessions ended. Surprisingly, those who received a lower dose actually reported having their anxiety increase. That group was allowed to try the full dosage once their trial had ended.
One of the patients told the New York Times that tripping on LSD was a "mystical experience," where "the major part was pure distress at all the memories I had successfully forgotten for decades." The moments of distress were considered to have a therapeutic benefit because it allowed patients to directly address the emotions evoked. Although no conclusive statements could be made about the effectiveness of LSD treatment because the number of participants was too small, the drug didn’t cause serious side effects in any of the participants.
It’s also likely that LSD-based treatments could be revisited in the future. Rick Doblin, executive director of the Multidisciplinary Association for Psychedelic Studies, said that “we want to break these substances out of the mold of the counterculture and bring them back to the lab as part of a psychedelic renaissance."