Methadone Therapies Found to Reduce HIV Risk | The Fix
facebook twitter RSS
HOT TOPICS: Alcoholism  Addiction  AA  Cocaine  Heroin

Methadone Therapies Found to Reduce HIV Risk

A new study links opiate substitution treatments to a 54% fall in HIV risk among intravenous drug users.

Image: 

The addiction "cure" remains controversial.
Photo via

By McCarton Ackerman

10/09/12

| Share

It has been long documented that the use of injection drugs is a major risk factor for spreading HIV and AIDS, but a new study has confirmed a link between methadone treatments and a reduced risk of HIV transmission in people who inject drugs. An international team of researchers carried out a meta-analysis of several published and unpublished studies from nine countries including the US, Austria and China, which looked predominately at men between the ages of 26-39. Pooling the results, the researchers found opiate substitution therapies such as methadone and buprenopine were linked to a 54% fall in risk of HIV infection among people who inject drugs. "Increases in HIV incidence have been reported among PWID (people who inject drugs) in a number of countries in recent years, where opiate substitution therapies are illegal or severely restricted," says co-author Julie Bruneau, from the CHUM Research Centre (CRCHUM) and the Department of Family Medicine at the University of Montreal. "There is good evidence to suggest that opiate substitution therapies (OST) reduce drug-related mortality, morbidity and some of the injection risk behaviors among PWID. However, to date there has been no quantitative estimate of the effect of OST in relation to HIV transmission." 

The researchers noted that HIV/AIDS account for nearly a fifth of the burden of disease among people who use illicit drugs and that 5 to 10 percent of HIV infections worldwide are contracted via intravenous drug use. Using methadone to combat withdrawal and HIV has long been a controversial subject: billionaire George Soros released a comic book character called "Methadone Man" urging for methadone and buprenorphine maintenance programs, whereas actor-comedian Russell Brand is against the practice, claiming it prolongs drug use. “We might as well let people carry on taking drugs if they’re going to be on methadone," said Brand. "Obviously it’s painful to abstain, but at least it’s hope-based.”

Rehabilitation Directories

Most Popular
Sober Living
An Audience with Gabor Maté

According to the rock star of addiction theory, every addict had a traumatic childhood whether they realize it or not.

The Rehab Review
Cliffside Malibu
 
 
 
 

The “beach-house-relaxed” Cliffside Malibu claims to provide an oasis for recovering addicts and alcoholics. And that’s just what you'll get—if you’ve got the cash.

Morningside Recovery
 
 
 
 

For a “rehab near the beach” experience that isn’t quite as costly as similar SoCal competitors, head to this Newport Beach treatment facility.

AToN Center
 
 
 
 

Whether you’re interested in the 12 Steps, SMART Recovery, or holistic treatments, this luxurious, appealing and commendable 4.5 star (our system doesn't yet show the 1/2 star) San Diego rehab has a program for you. 

Reflections
 
 
 
 

This exclusive Northern California rehab is all about client choice—as well as golf outings, Buddhist field trips and keeping up with the office.

Capo By The Sea
 
 
 
 

Capo By The Sea offers an executive rehab program complete with medical detox and a focus on dual-diagnosis issues, as well as an outpatient option in an environment that exudes the kind of beach house optimism one would expect from an Orange County recovery outfit.

Journey Malibu
 
 
 
 

Want many of the luxury amenities A-listers have come to expect—including an enormous backyard with a pool and patio, an herb garden, a volleyball net and a spectacular vista of the Santa Monica mountains—with a recovery program to match?

The Ultimate Guide to Rehab
 
 
 
 
 

What you need to know when choosing an addiction treatment center.

the fix tv