UN: East Africa Becoming World's Heroin Hub
Traffickers move more heroin through Africa, leaving the continent to count the cost.
Increasing seizures and arrests indicate that East Africa is growing in importance as a heroin trafficking hub, says a report by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC). Ports in countries such as Kenya, Tanzania, Djibouti and Eritrea are accessible from Asia and large shipments of Afghan-produced heroin are arriving from Pakistan. Major beneficiaries include the Taliban. Kenya and Tanzania have both made 100 kilo-plus single seizures of heroin this year. Much of the cargo is moved on to the US and Europe by West African networks. As "traditional" routes through Asia and the Middle East become more hazardous, Africa suits traffickers because of poorly-policed ports and airports, low transport costs and corruption. Cannabis and methaqualone—a sedative particularly popular in South Africa—are also channeled through East Africa. As a large chunk of the global opiate market—valued at $68 billion in 2009—moves through the continent, it leaves a trail of addicts in places ill-equipped to cope, as well as causing political instability.