Childhood Adversity Prompts Women to Smoke | The Fix
facebook twitter RSS
HOT TOPICS: Alcoholism  Addiction  AA  Cocaine  Heroin

Childhood Adversity Prompts Women to Smoke

But the same doesn't apply to men, who seem to process trauma in different ways, researchers say.


Sometimes coping is all you can do.

By McCarton Ackerman


| Share

If you're a man who smokes, it's probably not because you had a troubled childhood. A new study using data from more than 7,200 Kaiser-Permanente members in San Diego shows that adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) may lead women to start smoking later in life—but the same thing apparently doesn't apply to men. The research indicates that women who were abused physically or emotionally as children are 1.4 times more likely to start smoking—and that risk doubles if either of the woman's parents were in prison. ACEs can also contribute to an increased risk of developing many diseases. So why don't ACEs cause men to smoke? The study suggests that men may have other coping mechanisms that they use to address this trauma. "Since ACEs increase the risk of psychological distress for both men and women, it seemed intuitive that an individual experiencing an ACE will be more likely to be a tobacco cigarette smoker," says Dr. Tara Strine, lead author of the study. "However, in our study, ACEs only to increased the risk of smoking among women. Given this, men who have experienced childhood trauma may have different coping mechanisms than their female counterparts."

Rehabilitation Directories

Most Popular
Sober Living
An Audience with Gabor Maté

According to the rock star of addiction theory, every addict had a traumatic childhood whether they realize it or not.

The Rehab Review
Cliffside Malibu

The “beach-house-relaxed” Cliffside Malibu claims to provide an oasis for recovering addicts and alcoholics. And that’s just what you'll get—if you’ve got the cash.

Morningside Recovery

For a “rehab near the beach” experience that isn’t quite as costly as similar SoCal competitors, head to this Newport Beach treatment facility.

AToN Center

Whether you’re interested in the 12 Steps, SMART Recovery, or holistic treatments, this luxurious, appealing and commendable 4.5 star (our system doesn't yet show the 1/2 star) San Diego rehab has a program for you. 


This exclusive Northern California rehab is all about client choice—as well as golf outings, Buddhist field trips and keeping up with the office.

Capo By The Sea

Capo By The Sea offers an executive rehab program complete with medical detox and a focus on dual-diagnosis issues, as well as an outpatient option in an environment that exudes the kind of beach house optimism one would expect from an Orange County recovery outfit.

Journey Malibu

Want many of the luxury amenities A-listers have come to expect—including an enormous backyard with a pool and patio, an herb garden, a volleyball net and a spectacular vista of the Santa Monica mountains—with a recovery program to match?

The Ultimate Guide to Rehab

What you need to know when choosing an addiction treatment center.

the fix tv